Friday, May 22, 2020

T.E. Lawrence of Arabia British World War I Officer

Thomas Edward Lawrence was born in Tremadog, Wales on August 16, 1888. He was the second illegitimate son of Sir Thomas Chapman who had deserted his wife for his childrens governess, Sarah Junner. Never marrying, the couple ultimately had five children and styled themselves Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence in reference to Junners father. Earning the nickname Ned, Lawrences family moved several times during his youth and he spent time in Scotland, Brittany, and England. Settling in Oxford in 1896, Lawrence attended the City of Oxford School for Boys. Entering Jesus College, Oxford in 1907, Lawrence showed a deep passion for history. Over the next two summers, he traveled through France by bicycle to study castles and other medieval fortifications. In 1909, he journeyed to Ottoman Syria and traversed the region by foot examining Crusader castles. Returning home, he completed his degree in 1910 and was offered the opportunity to remain at school for postgraduate work. Though he accepted, he departed a short time later when the opportunity arose to become a practicing archaeologist in the Middle East. Lawrence the Archaeologist Fluent in a variety of languages including Latin, Greek, Arabic, Turkish, and French, Lawrence departed for Beirut in December 1910. Arriving, he began work at Carchemish under the guidance of D.H. Hogarth from the British Museum. After a brief trip home in 1911, he returned to Carchemish after a short dig in Egypt. Resuming his work, he partnered with Leonard Woolley. Lawrence continued to work in the region over the next three years and became familiar with its geography, languages, and peoples. World War I Begins In January 1914, he and Woolley were approached by the British Army who wished them to conduct a military survey of the Negev Desert in southern Palestine. Moving forward, they conducted an archaeological assessment of the region as cover. In the course of their efforts, they visited Aqaba and Petra. Resuming work at Carchemish in March, Lawrence remained through the spring. Returning to Britain, he was there when World War I began in August 1914. Though eager to enlist, Lawrence was convinced to wait by Woolley. This delay proved wise as Lawrence was able to obtain a lieutenants commission in October. Due to his experience and language skills, he was sent to Cairo where he worked interrogating Ottoman prisoners. In June 1916, the British government entered into an alliance with Arab nationalists who sought to free their lands from the Ottoman Empire. While the Royal Navy had cleared the Red Sea of Ottoman ships early in the war, the Arab leader, Sherif Hussein bin Ali, was able to raise 50,000 men but lacked arms. Attacking Jiddah later that month, they captured the city and soon secured additional ports. Despite these successes, a direct assault on Medina was repulsed by the Ottoman garrison. Lawrence of Arabia To aid the Arabs in their cause, Lawrence was sent to Arabia as a liaison officer in October 1916. After aiding in the defense of Yenbo in December, Lawrence convinced Husseins sons, Emir Faisal and Abdullah, to coordinate their actions with the larger British strategy in the region. As such, he discouraged them from directly attacking Medina as attacking the Hedjaz Railway, which supplied the city, would tie down more Ottoman troops. Riding with Emir Faisal, Lawrence and the Arabs launched multiple strikes against the railway and threatened Medinas lines of communication. Achieving success, Lawrence began moving against Aqaba in mid-1917. The Ottomans sole remaining port on the Red Sea, the town had the potential to serve as a supply base for an Arab advance north. Working with Auda Abu Tayi and Sherif Nasir, Lawrences forces attacked on July 6 and overran the small Ottoman garrison. In the wake of the victory, Lawrence traveled across the Sinai Peninsula to inform the new British commander, General Sir Edmund Allenby of the success. Recognizing the importance of the Arab efforts, Allenby agreed to provide  £200,000 a month as well as arms. Later Campaigns Promoted to major for his actions at Aqaba, Lawrence returned to Faisal and the Arabs. Supported by other British officers and increased supplies, the Arab army joined in the general advance on Damascus the following year. Continuing attacks on the railway, Lawrence and the Arabs defeated the Ottomans in the Battle of Tafileh on January 25, 1918. Reinforced, the Arab forces advanced inland while the British pushed up the coast. In addition, they conducted numerous raids and provided Allenby with valuable intelligence. During the victory at the Megiddo in late September, British and Arab forces shattered the Ottoman resistance and began a general advance. Reaching Damascus, Lawrence entered the city on October 1. This was soon followed by a promotion to lieutenant colonel. A strong advocate for Arab independence, Lawrence relentlessly pressured his superiors on this point despite knowledge of the secret Sykes-Picot Agreement between Britain and France which stated the region was to be divided between the two nations after the war. During this period he worked with noted correspondent Lowell Thomas whose reports made him famous. Postwar Later Life With the conclusion of the war, Lawrence returned to Britain where he continued to lobby for Arab independence. In 1919, he attended the Paris Peace Conference as a member of Faisals delegation and served as a translator. During the conference, he became irate as the Arab position was ignored. This anger culminated when it was announced that there would be no Arab state and that Britain and France would oversee the region. As Lawrence was becoming increasingly bitter about the peace settlement, his fame greatly increased as a result of a film by Thomas which detailed his exploits. His feeling on the peace settlement improved following the Cairo Conference of 1921 which saw Faisal and Abdullah installed as the kings of newly-created Iraq and Trans-Jordan. Seeking to escape his fame, he enlisted in the Royal Air Force under the name John Hume Ross in August 1922. Soon discovered, he was discharged the following year. Trying again, he joined the Royal Tank Corps under the name Thomas Edward Shaw. Having completed his memoirs, entitled ​Seven Pillars of Wisdom, in 1922, he had it published four years later. Unhappy in the RTC, he successfully transferred back the RAF in 1925. Working as a mechanic, he also completed an abridged version of his memoirs entitled Revolt in the Desert. Published in 1927, Lawrence was forced to conduct a media tour in support of the work. This work provided ultimately provided a substantial line of income. Leaving the military in 1935, Lawrence intended to retire to his cottage, Clouds Hill, in Dorset. An avid motorcycle rider, he was severely injured in a crash near his cottage on May 13, 1935, when he swerved to avoid two boys on bicycles. Thrown over the handlebars, he died from his injuries on May 19. Following a funeral, which was attended by notables such as Winston Churchill, Lawrence was buried at Moreton Church in Dorset. His exploits were later retold in the 1962 film Lawrence of Arabia which starred Peter OToole as Lawrence and won the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Monday, May 18, 2020

How-to Essay Topics for a Process Essay

Your first challenge in writing a how-to essay is deciding on a topic. If youre like many students, you might feel as though you dont know anything well enough to teach others. But thats not true! All people have something that they can do so well that they dont even think about how to do it anymore—they just do it. Choosing the Right Topic When you read over the list below you will realize that you do know many things in depth, well enough to teach. Typically, your inspiration will be based on lateral thinking. For example, from the list below, you may decide to write an essay on how to cook a Scottish egg after you see Crack an egg in the list. Or you may decide to write about how to make an Excel spreadsheet with all of your homework listed, after seeing Organize your homework on the list.   Narrow your choices to a few topics, and then brainstorm for a few minutes about each topic. Determine which one has the most potential because it can be divided into five to 10 clear paragraphs that you can explain well. Writing Tips Some topics are easier than others to explain. Straightforward processes versus ones with lots of contingencies will be much less complicated to write out, for instance. If you find that youve chosen a topic thats just too broad, pick one portion of it to explain. Remember, you want your reader to be able to follow your instructions to successfully complete the process. In your drafting, err on the side of too much detail and description rather than too little. (Its easier to cut material that you dont need than to add in it later.) If youre not allowed to use images with your instructions, choosing a topic that is aided by visuals makes writing the instructional process much more challenging, so take your assignment parameters into consideration as you choose what to write about. If you know your topic so well that it comes naturally to you, it may be tough to write instructions for a beginner who has no knowledge of the topic, because you forget how much you didnt know when you first started. Have a partner try out your instructions during the drafting or revision phase (or both) to see what youve left out or what isnt explained clearly enough. How-to Topics for a Process Essay   Raccoon-proof your campsiteMake an obstacle course for squirrelsSet a tableMake a pet costumeEarn $100Start a bandMake a pià ±ataMake an omeletMilk a cowStart beekeepingRead palmsMake a quiltWash a carDecorate a bedroomMake a podcastBurn a CDStart a recycling programCollect stampsClean a bedroomMake a pizzaMake a volcanoOrganize your homeworkPlay the guitarMake a sock puppetMake a doll dressWrite a letter to the editorWrite a complaintPlan a partyPlant a treeCreate a cartoon characterImprove your spellingBake a layer cakeChange a tireDrive a stick shiftMake a Christmas stockingLearn to dancePlay chessDo a magic trickGo bird watchingMake a music videoMake a candleMake soapPaint a pictureCreate art with crayonsCreate a web pageStay safe on the InternetWrite a songWrite a poemMake a handbagTie a scarfMow the lawnMake a hamburgerMake pancakesMake a pillowPlay footballMake a sculptureMake a lampMake shadow puppetsMake a boxCare for petsBuild a tree housePlay tagPlay hide and seekPaint fi ngernailsMake homemade slippersTie macramà © knotsMake a sandwichMake chocolate milkMake hot chocolateMake a pot of coffeeMake a milkshakeBraid hairSell old toysSkateboardEat crab legsBecome a vegetarianMake a saladDesign a jack-o-lanternRide a horseRace turtlesCatch lightning bugsMake a wildflower bouquetCut paper dollsEat an ice cream coneChange a diaperMake fruit punchMake a campaign posterFrame artMake a fake tattooInterview a celebrityCatch a fishMake a snowmanMake an iglooMake a fanWrite a newsletterCrack an eggMake a necklaceTie a necktieRide the subwayWalk like a modelRide a motorcyclePitch a tentFind something youve lostCurl your hairSaddle a horseMake a sandcastleBob for applesGo hikingApply for a jobDraw stick figuresOpen a bank accountLearn a new languageAsk for a later curfewBehave at a fancy dinnerAsk somebody outPose for a pictureWake up in a good moodSend Morse code messagesMake a kiteHem your jeansPitch a fastballBe a ghost hunterMake string artFly aloneShaveMop a floorPeel an appleString popcornRemix a songWalk a tightropeStand on your headFind the Big DipperWrap a giftRoast a marshmallowClean a windowMake a campfireHave a yard saleCreate a carnival in your yardMake balloon animalsPlan a surprise partyWear eye makeupInvent a secret codeRecognize animal tracksTrain a dog to shake handsMake a paper airplaneSwat fliesPull a toothCreate playlistsPlay rock, paper, scissorsHula danceFloss your teeth

Friday, May 8, 2020

Marijuana a Gateway Drug - 906 Words

Running head: CRITICAL ISSUE ANALYSIS: MARIJUANA Critical Issue Analysis: Marijuana Janet Matthews University of Phoenix April 22, 2009 Critical Issue Analysis: Marijuana Gfroerer, J. W. (2005). Marijuana Is a Gateway Drug First time marijuana use will lead to harder drugs, creates health risks including HIV. Earleywine, M. (2004). Marijuana Is Not a Gateway to Other Addictive Drugs. Most marijuana users do not touch hard drugs. First time marijuana use does not mean an individual will use harder drugs because people will use whatever drug is available when they are ready to experiment. According to data from the 2000 National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse†¦show more content†¦One of the articles’ headliner says first time users are under 17, but in reading the paragraph, the findings are since 1992 the age range has remained around 17, a big difference between saying â€Å"under† and age and â€Å"around† an age. While sensationalizing all the propaganda, this pertinent information is buried and the actual focus of the article becomes lost. Because the authors of the first article bombard the reader with word usage designed as a scare tactic, it ultimately has little effect. This rhetoric could end up backfiring on those who use the article in a drug awareness effort due to blatant lies and half-truths. Not to mention, the authors of the first article are researchers, therefore, the only responsibility is gathering the information without taking a direct stance on the issue. This limits the credibility of the authors, who work for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The author of the second article uses data from the same source as the previous, without the feeling of information shoved down the readers throat. The article has a more realistic approach because every reader can identify with the content. Although there may be some exaggerated points, the article speaks to what people know, therefore, more creditable. To the author’s credit, a recipient of nine teaching awards for drugs and human behavior, leading researcher in psychology and addictions, the Associate Professor of Clinical Science and Director ofShow MoreRelatedMarijuana as a Gateway Drug2211 Words   |  9 PagesSociology 225 Research Paper Marijuana as a Gateway Drug The gateway theory is a hypothesis which states that the use of gateway drugs (alcohol, tobacco and marijuana) lead to the use of more illicit drugs such as heroin and cocaine. According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), marijuana is a Schedule I substance under the Controlled Substances Act. â€Å"Schedule I drugs are classified as having a high potential for abuse, no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United StatesRead MoreMarijuana: A Boon or A Gateway Drug876 Words   |  4 Pages ‘Cannabis’- a plant of wonder, commonly known for its by-products like marijuana, hashish, hemp oil, etc. is the most popular drug plant. These products often used for their psychoactive effects. This can include heightened mood or euphoria, relaxation, and an increase in appetite. Popularity of the marijuana has increased widely these days between all age groups. Smoker’s says, â€Å"There is no harm in smoking marijuana, as it is non-addictive, it relaxes your body and connects you to your soul whereasRead MoreJaclyn Larsen. Mr. Gregory. Period 2. February 12, 2017.1749 Words   |  7 PagesPeriod 2 February 12, 2017 The Gateway Theory: On Marijuana Within the last few years there has been a nation wide drive towards the legalization of marijuana. This year, it has finally been taken off the list of gateway drugs. A number of states have seen the legalization of marijuana as a gateway to medical benefits. Whereas other states are still skeptical of some of the unknown factors of marijuana. So how was the decision made that marijuana is not a gateway drug? It simply came to the end factRead MoreGateway Effect of Marijuana Essay1405 Words   |  6 PagesMarijuana has been used by people over many centuries for medical uses. It is a natural pain killer used today as a recreational drug by people all over the world. According to Noel Merino in, â€Å"Introduction to Gateway Drugs: Opposing Viewpoints†, â€Å"a drug is something other than food intended to affect the structure or function of the body†. Marijuana is a very controversial drug and has been outlawed in many countries for its affect on the function of t he body. â€Å"Effects may involve hallucinationsRead More†¢Legalizing Marijuana Is Beneficial For A Person’S Mental717 Words   |  3 Pages†¢ Legalizing marijuana is beneficial for a person’s mental and emotional health Marijuana should be legalized because it is beneficial for a person’s mental and emotional health. Marijuana is beneficial for a person’s mental and emotional health because it helps decrease anxiety, relieve stress and it provides a mental break from pain for those who are suffering physically. Firstly, marijuana is beneficial to one’s mental and emotional health because it helps decrease anxiety. Anxiety affects 12%Read MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?849 Words   |  4 Pageswhether marijuana should be legalized. Around 23 states have legalized marijuana for medical and recreational use. In the state of Illinois, medicinal use of marijuana has been passed on April 17, 2013. Since January 2014, patients are able to obtain marijuana with a doctor s recommendation. The new debate is whether marijuana should be legalized for the general public as a recreational drug. Although some believe that marijuana is harmless, and that it has beneficial medicinal uses, ma rijuana shouldRead MoreThe Benefits Of Decriminalization Of Marijuana948 Words   |  4 PagesMarijuana is a widespread drug all over the world. A few countries, such as Netherlands, Australia and some U.S.   jurisdictions, have decriminalized the use of marijuana. Some people support the legalization of marijuana for medical and entertainment purposes because they believe that it can solve a number of problems. However, it should keep the illegal state for any purpose because legalizing marijuana will create more potential problems. This essay will talk about two important reasons for keepingRead MoreWeed Be Better Off Without Marijuana1728 Words   |  7 PagesBetter Off Without Marijuana Dope, Mary Jane, Pot, Grass, Weed, Blunt, Joint, and Nuggets are only a few of the countless names for marijuana, a narcotic drug used for recreational and sometimes medicinal uses across the world. Recently growing enough popularity among younger generations due to the glamorization of media, and the overwhelming financial gains through taxes and fees seen in Colorado, have caused Ohio legislators and citizens to consider the idea of legalizing marijuana for both recreationalRead MoreThe Legalization of Marijuana Essay868 Words   |  4 Pagescontroversial topics in the news today is the legalization of marijuana. Supporters believe that the drug is not harmful and can have numerous benefits. However, opponents argue that marijuana can lead to addiction and other more dangerous drugs. In the end, marijuana should be legal based on economic, medicinal, and philosophical factors. First, the legalization of marijuana would have a tremendous economic impact. Since â€Å"marijuana is thought to be the second most profitable cash crop in theRead MoreThe Harmuful Effects of Marijuana787 Words   |  3 Pages In 2006, A Drug Free Worlds The Harmful Effects of Marijuana† emerged in the media. ADFW reasons that marijuana is harmful in numerous ways, including cerebral damage and debilitation to the immune system. Throughout the article, they also try to persuade the reader that cannabis is a gateway drug that undoubtedly leads the users into much harder drugs. When reading this article, one must consider that research to support anything can be found if one searches hard enough, but without a doubt

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Conversion Of 2d Image Into 3d Image Using Segmentation

Conversion of 2D Image into 3D Image Using Segmentation Prashant Dahiya1 â€Å"Computer Scientist at Adobe Systems, Noida† 1pdahiya@adobe.com Abstract—Image captured by two-dimensional camera contains no depth information. However depth information is needed in many applications, for example in robotic vision, satellite imaging and target tracking. To extract depth information from images Stereo matching is used. The main aim of our project is to use stereo matching algorithms to plot the disparity map of segmented images which gives the depth information details. Particle Swarm Optimization and K-means algorithms are used for image segmentation. Our main objective is to implement stereo matching algorithms on the segmented images, compare the results of K-means and PSO on the basis of objective parameters such as PSNR, execution time, density of disparity map and compression ratio and perform subjective analysis of reconstructed 3-D images. The compared results show that the Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm gives better 3-D reconstructed image. Keywords— K-means, PSNR, Particle Swarm Optimization, DSP, FPGA, ACO I. INTRODUCTION People can see the depth of the objects because they see the 3D world from two moderately dissimilar angles (one from right eye and other from left eye). Our brains then figure out how close things are by determining how far apart they are in the two images from our eyes. Our objective here is to do the similar thing using a computer. Initially aShow MoreRelatedA New Robust And Fully Automatic Technique For Calibration Of Three Dimensional ( 3d ) Freehand Ultrasound2324 Words   |  10 Pagesthree-dimensional (3D) freehand ultrasound. 3D Freehand ultrasound involves mounting a position sensor on a standard probe. The echo graphic B-scans can be localized in 3D, and can be compounded into dimensions. On the other hand, especially for quantitative use, this process requires a calibration procedure that fixes its accuracy and practicality. Calibration aims at defining the transformation (translations, rotations, scaling) among the coordinates system of the echo graphic images and the coordinateRead MoreMultimedia Data And Its Essential Characteristics3302 Words   |  14 Pageswhich helps to extract interesting knowledge from multimedia data sets such as audio, video, images, graphics, speech, text and combination of several types of data sets. Normally, multimedia data are categorized into unstructured and semi-structured data. These data are stored in multimedia databases and multimedia mining is used to find useful information from large multimedia database system by using various multimedia techniques and powerful tools. This paper provides the basic concepts of multimediaRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography On Multimedia Data3142 Words   |  13 Pagesdomain which helps to extractinteresting knowledge from multimedia data sets such as audio, video, images, graphics, speech, text and combination of several types of data sets. Normally, multimedia data are categorized into unstructured and semi-structured data. These data are stored in multimedia databases and multimedia mining is used to find useful information from large multimedia database system by using various multimedia techniques and powerful tools.This paper provides the basic concepts of multimediaRead MoreVeet Promotion Campaign7547 Words   |  31 Pages...........................3 2D. Internal Analysis............................................................................................................................................4 2e External Analysis.............................................................................................................................................5 Section Three: Targeting, Positioning, Objectives Setting, Budgeting 5 3A. Key Marketing Problem 5 3B. Segmentation of the Women’s Depilatories marketRead MoreHow Technology Has Changed Us Businesses3120 Words   |  13 Pagessupply chain management is conducted now or online retailing and marketing. Online retailing is wider or newer form of retailing. So we can define it as ‘sale of goods and services using through Internet. ‘It can be said as B2C business model where business sells goods to final customers through Internet. B2C model using Internet can be of two types: †¢ Pure play for example Amazon.com, which do not have any physical stores but trades only through Internet. †¢ Brick and clicks: These are those retailersRead MoreTimetable Management System Using Java7535 Words   |  31 PagesSoftwares Computer Organization and Architecture Discrete Mathematics Business Communication Total Credits Semester – II S.No. Course Code Course Name 6 COMP  723   Operating  System   7 8 9 10 COMP 724 COMP 725 COMP 726 MAS 661 Data Structures using C++ Information System Analysis and Design Web Technologies 11 BAM 753 Essentials of Management Computer  based  Numerical  and  Statistical   Techniques   Total Credits Semester – III S.No. Course Code 12 13 14 15 16 17 COMP 731 COMP 732 COMP 733Read MoreIntegrated E-Marketing Plan: Developing an E-Marketing Plan for Competing in the Electronic Global Marketplace16077 Words   |  65 PagesSummary†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦3 Selection of the e-Business for the Project†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦7 Environmental Analysis of the Marketplace†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦9 Targeted Market Segmentation†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.20 Consideration of Placement Decisions†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.23 Considerations of Pricing Decisions†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.30 Analysis of InnovativeRead MoreComparison of Rdbms6451 Words   |  26 PagesRDBMS Must Be Easily Transported To The Oracle RDBMS Which Is Currently In Use On The DFAS Mid-Tier Systems Since Oracle is currently installed on the Mid-Tier Systems at DFAS it follows that any migration of systems would be most easily achieved using the same RDBMS, which is Oracle7. The RDBMS Must Provide Salability From The Workstation, Netware Server, Mid-Tier, To The Mainframe Platforms While DB2 is available on a variety of platforms, a key problem with the product is that it has inconsistentRead MoreExxon Mobile Capstone40455 Words   |  162 Pages..............................................................41   Customer  retention ...........................................................................................................................................................42   Segmentation,  Targeting  and  Positioning.........................................................................................................................42   Value  to  Customers .........................................................................Read MoreReport on Oil and Gas Industry in Pakistan81517 Words   |  327 Pages.................................................................................11 Table 3: Petroleum Products Price Build-Up: November 16, 2002 ................................................................18 Table 4: Percentage of Households Using Each Energy Source .....................................................................22 Table 5: Petroleum Sector Reform Measures ...................................................................................................26 Table 1.1: Oil

Through the Tunnel by Doris Lessing Free Essays

Conflicts can arise in many ways. In the story â€Å"Through the Tunnel† by Doris Lessing, an eleven year old boy named Jerry is vacationing at the shore in France. Feeling lonely and bored he wanders off to a rocky beach to join a group of French boys, older than he, who are diving and swimming there. We will write a custom essay sample on Through the Tunnel by Doris Lessing or any similar topic only for you Order Now As a foreigner he finds himself ignored by them, but discovers they are swimming through a long underwater tunnel and he is determined that he will do the same someday. In the beginning of the story an external conflict appears when Jerry wants to be independent of his mother she is understandably protective of her only child. His mother wants to take care of him because she is concerned that something might happen. Jerry loves his mother and likes to be with her, but sometimes he wants to be on his own. To assert his independence from his mother Jerry must swim through the underwater tunnel to test him. Another conflict arises when Jerry wants to fit in with the French boys. The author explains how much Jerry wants to be part of their group when the author writes â€Å"To be with them, of them, was a craving that filled his whole body. † Jerry wants to be accepted into their group. This group of boy is the experts of swimming. They easily swim through the underwater tunnel. Even after he knows he doesn’t belong to the older boys group, Jerry still wants to prove himself worthy of being one of the expert swimming through the mysterious tunnel. Finally, the most obvious external conflict is the one between Jerry and nature. Jerry trains his lungs and pushes his limits and because of that â€Å"his nose bleeds badly†. For hours he has been practicing holding his breath he begins to feel weak and dizzy. Jerry has to battle the forces of nature pushing his lung capacity to its limits. He is engaged in a conflict of nature and physical barriers to attain his goal. If Jerry doesn’t hold his breath long enough he will drown. After what seems like ages, Jerry passes through the tunnel, going in as a little boy and coming out feeling like a man. Now, Jerry has won his battle against almighty nature his hunger for acceptance and fight for independence. He has broken the chains of his conflicts. As soon as he swims out, Jerry broke free. How to cite Through the Tunnel by Doris Lessing, Papers

Computer Security and Forensics Tools

Questions: 1. Get the definitions/meanings of the security terms given below. You are required to get at least TWO (2) definitions for each term from published books and/or journals. Cite the sources for each answer. a. Computer Security b. Internet Security c. Information Security d. Threat e. Vulnerability f. Exploit g. Man-in-the-middle attack h. Distributed denial-of-service i. Phishing j. CIA Triad 2. Do a research on two latest security breach incidents that have caused huge damage(s) or losses to the victims. Fulfil the requirements below: a. Describe the incident(s) i. When did it happen? ii. What is the damage/loss like? iii. Why did the breach happen? iv. How did the breach happen? v. Who are involved in these incidents? b. Propose prevention for each incident. Answers: (1). Computer Security Computer Security is defined to hold the purpose for protecting against a particular danger where the outside intruders break into the system for stealing the secrets or the money. The security is able to protect the computer which has been associated to it with the building of the terminals as well as protecting the information stored in the same. This is called the information security. Russell, D., Gangemi, G. T. (1991).Computer security basics. " O'Reilly Media, Inc.". Computer Security has been defiend to ensure that the data storage in the computer is not easy to be read or compromised without a proper authorisation. Most of the measures involve the technique related to the envryption of data and the passwords. The data encryption is mainly to set the data translation into the form which is not completely deciphering. Pfleeger, C. P., Pfleeger, S. L. (2002).Security in computing. Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference. Internet Security It has been defined as the branch which is related to the internet and involve the security of the browser which applies to handle the applications or the operating systems. The major objective has been to establish the rules and the measures for handling the attacks over the internet. Denning, D. E. R. (1999).Information warfare and security(Vol. 4). Reading: Addison-Wesley. The firewalls and the Internet security is mainly to describe the limited support which is experimental for the Windows users on a particular home network. Here, every user has been directed to the TCP port which is able to run on the smbd process which has been specific to the particular user. Cheswick, W. R., Bellovin, S. M., Rubin, A. D. (1994).Firewalls and internet security: repelling the wily hacker. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Information Security The information security program is mainly responsible to involve the risk management. The ISA has been able to handle the designation because the internal controls are not completely liable. Another important focus has been to find the documents of a particular organisational responsibility. This is able to direct the assets from the different intentional and the unintentional disclosures, modifications, destructions etc. Peltier, T. R. (2005).Information security risk analysis. CRC press. The information security has been defined to handle the information from any unauthorised access, usage or the disclosure of the information. This also protects the information from the modification, inspection or the destruction. The information is set and based on handling the usage of the different forms of the data which may be able to take the forms of the electronic and the physical setup. Tipton, H. F., Krause, M. (2003).Information security management handbook. CRC Press. Threat There have been threats related to the copyright protection for the particular computer language. These are set to take hold of the different incentives or the technological threat standards. Threats are mainly to discover the information which is intentional or accidental depending upon the malfunctioning and natural disaster. Feenberg, A. (1999). Distance learning: Promise or threat.Crosstalk,7(1), 12-14. The threats are related to the virus, spam and phishing which is able to work on the different entities. There have been billions of the spam emails which are sent, thereby, making it a huge problem for the business to work further. The threats are the spyware which are able to catch all the terms for the different software which easily and secretly monitor about the online activities for aiding the advertisement and the marketing search. The details are compiled to hold the acceptable usage policy of the system with the security breach. Breyer, S. (1970). The uneasy case for copyright: A study of copyright in books, photocopies, and computer programs.Harvard Law Review, 281-351. Vulnerability The vulnerability is considered to be the security risks which is tied to the loss of potential with the focus on the working and the implementation of the attacks. This completely exploits the risks where the windows of vulnerability are set for the time where the security hole has been introduced or manifested in the deployed software. Gollmann, D. (2010). Computer security.Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Computational Statistics,2(5), 544-554. Vulnerability has been the cyber security which refers to all the flaws in the system for the other system to attack. This has been referred to the weakness of the system with the set procedures that are directly exposed to the threats. There have been patches where one can protect the computer system from the vulnerability by handling the security of the software patch completely up to date. Hsiao, D. K., Kerr, D. S., Madnick, S. E. (2014).Computer security. Academic Press. Exploit In the computation, the exploit is said to be the attack on the system which is able to take the advantage of the system vulnerability that has been offered to the intruders. These are labelled as the acts of the attack where the users of the system or the applications are completely responsible for obtaining the patch to be downloaded from the Web. Huddleston, D. E. (2010).U.S. Patent No. 7,788,723. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. The exploit has been the software or the data where the commands have been related to the malicious intent to carry the tasks like the denial of the service attack, Trojan horse, worms and the virus. The remote exploitation is holding the vulnerability without any access to the system. Malecki, F. (2013). Defending your business from exploit kits.Computer Fraud Security,2013(6), 19-20. Man-in-the-Middle attack It has been defined as the attack where the cyber-attack has been malicious actor who inserts in the conversation for impersonation of both the gain of the parties and the information access. This has been the eavesdrop attack which occurs when the actor is able to insert himself in the relay or any proxy communication between the system and the people. This has been set as the exploit attack for the real time processing of the conversations and the data transfer. Dougan, T., Curran, K. (2012). Man in the browser attacks.International Journal of Ambient Computing and Intelligence (IJACI),4(1), 29-39. The attacks have a complete ability to hold the information for capturing and manipulation. This involves the distribution of the malware process which provides the different attackers to access the Web browser data to send and receive the transactions and conversations. In this, the attacker, Is easily able to intercept the traffic coming from the computer with the data collection. This is thereafter forwarded to the destination for handling the visit. Lin, T. H., Lin, C. Y., Hwang, T. (2013). Man-in-the-Middle Attack on Quantum dialogue with authentication based on Bell states.International Journal of Theoretical Physics,52(9), 3199-3203. Distributed Denial-of-service It is defined as the attempt for making a machine or the network completely unavailable from the different users with the suspension of services where the hosts are directed connected to the internet system. This is where the source of the attack seems to be more than one with a unique IP address. The focus has been on including the unusual slow networking performance with the inability to completely access the web sites. Beitollahi, H., Deconinck, G. (2012). Analyzing well-known countermeasures against distributed denial of service attacks.Computer Communications,35(11), 1312-1332. This attack has been constituted as the attack with the flood of holding the incoming messages for targeting system to be forced to shut down. In DDoS attacks, the vulnerability is identified with the malware which is eventually set under the network centric attack or the attack related to the application layer. a computer system is held under control of the intruder with not only the spam, virus or the worms, which are considered to be the biggest threats. Kumar, P. A. R., Selvakumar, S. (2011). Distributed denial of service attack detection using an ensemble of neural classifier.Computer Communications,34(11), 1328-1341. Phishing Phishing of the emails directs the users to visit a particular website which has been set for the updates of a particular information. This is related to the hold of the passwords, social security and other information which the user can easily steal and enter into the page. The scams are counted on the people with the suspension of the information with the brand spoofing or carding. Avtar, R., Verma, B., Jangra, A. (2011). Data Shield Algorithm (DSA) for Security against Phishing Attacks. Phishing has been considered to be the fraudulent activity which has been made through the leakage of the personal information. This usually comes when there is a loss of the information through a well organisation information pattern. The pattern is based on handling the links which directs to a particular website where there is a need of a particular information. The possibility of the phishing email are the generic greeting, forged links or the requests of the access of some personal information with the sense of urgency. Lakshmi, V. S., Vijaya, M. S. (2012). Efficient prediction of phishing websites using supervised learning algorithms.Procedia Engineering,30, 798-805. CIA Triad CIA triad for the information security system is mainly to provide a proper baseline for evaluating and implementing the confidentiality which ensure that the data is accessed by a proper authorised person. The integrity assures that the information is completely trusted with the data encryption and hashing of the algorithms. The availability is also depending upon handling the maintenance of the hardware with the software upgradation as well as the optimisation of the network pattern. Baars, T., Spruit, M. (2012). Designing a secure cloud architecture: The SeCA model.International Journal of Information Security and Privacy (IJISP),6(1), 14-32. The confidentiality, integrity and the availability is based on holding the information of the security issues where the different measures are able to protect the valuable information like the business information, personal information. This has been to develop the security measures through an explored term of the information protection which allows the authorisation of the people in order to access the information Deepika, S., Pandiaraja, P. (2013, February). Ensuring CIA triad for user data using collaborative filtering mechanism. InInformation Communication and Embedded Systems (ICICES), 2013 International Conference on(pp. 925-928). IEEE. (2). Incident 1: Describe the incident(s) The incident has been related to the snapchat employee data leakage out of the following phishing attack. Snapchat has been seen to be completely famous for all its messages to disappear but nothing seems to remain constant. It was seen that the Snapchat payroll department was attacked by some isolated emails related to the phishing scam where the CEO was targeted. The focus was mainly on getting the payroll information of some current and the former employees. It had a problem of hacking in the past where the services leaked certain photos from the users where the compromise was only based on handling the data effectively. a. When did it happen? The event took place in February 2016. b. What is the damage/loss like? The damage was mainly relating to the phishing of the emails where the CEO e-mailed the payroll information of the company on that email ID. This included the revealing of the data related to the salary, security number of the company, banking details, addresses as well as the other emails and the personal ID of the people who are using the Snapchat Application. c. Why did the breach happen? This breach of data was mainly due to the corporate hacking and the theft of information. This completely occupied the scale of the hack which was unprecedented along with putting into the public forum for the exposure of the personal information and the data. d. How did the breach happen? Phishing of the emails is possible when there is an acquiring of the sensitive information like the usernames, passwords and the other details of the bank. This causes the malicious reasons for the loss of the information from the system. Phishing has been seen to be the continuous threat for the people as the hackers are able to create a particular clone of the website. Phishing has the ability to take the advantages of the trust of users who may not be able to tell about how many people visited the website or the programs which are used. The target is set under the hold of the passwords, usernames and other security codes. Phishing on AOL has been considered to send the messages instantly to the victim where there is a reveal of the passwords. This is based on handling the origination of the attacks against all the online payments of the systems which are completely feasible. e. Who are involved in these incidents? The people who are involved in this are the employees, the company CEO and the customers whose details are shared with the anonymous person and the hacker. Propose prevention For this, there is a need to learn how to identify the emails of phishing as they are able to duplicate the image of the real company. It is important to check the major source of information from where the mails are coming. It is never advisable to go to the website of the banks by clicking on the links which have been included in the emails. A major need is to enhance the computer security with the sense of the system upgradation. It is always advisable to check the accounts which pertains to the periodic information of all the irregularities in the transactions. The phishing is able to know all the languages and they are poorly written or translated which is a major indication of some problem. There is a possibility of having the slightest doubt with no risks it factors. Incident 2: a. Describe the incident(s) The android have been targeting a larger number of the cyber criminals and it seems that they have been moving to the IOS devices as well. The major threat/vulnerability that could be seen was the MASQUE ATTACK with the replacement of the trusted applications. The access of the devices have been made by fooling the users to download and install all the applications on the Iphone with certain tainted messages. This will direct to replacement of the different legitimate applications or the social networking applications. With the globalised acts it has been seen that there are different parts of the systems which direct to the damages of certain records. b. When did it happen? The event took place in August 2015. c. What is the damage/loss like? The focus of the MASQUE attack has been on all the IO with the PC security setup. There have been attacks in the series with the rapid adoption of covering and targeting the IOS malware. The weapons have been relative to the improper functioning of the different normalised versions set to handle the exfiltration of different data communication. The major impact has been on the mimic of the original application to login and access the sensitive data from the local cache. This has been performed in the background which monitors the device of the users along with gaining the root privilege of the IOS device. d. Why did the breach happen? There were vulnerabilities which allowed the attack of the CVE-2015-3722/3725 and CVE-2015-3725. These are set under the Manifest and Extension Masque which is directing to the demolishing of the different applications. The IOS is seen to be not set for a authorisation and coordination of different applications. Apple holds the applications where the system is not completely defenceless over the remote systems that are associated to the PC. e. How did the breach happen? The assessment is based on the login interface which is able to hold the information gaining the root benefits of the IOS gadgets which can easily break the restrictions from the app container. The vulnerabilities on the IOS 8.4 can easily cause the injection attack of the untrusted code with the replacement of the plugins of VPN. f. Who are involved in these incidents? The people involved in this incident have been the people who are using the Apple Iphone, Employees as well as the hackers who are successful to break into the system for stealing the information. This is only possible when the hackers are able to flash some special offers on the page and force the users to download them. Propose prevention The solution for this could be to protect the phone from the installation of the applications other from the Apple official App store. It is never recommended to install from the third party pop up while viewing a particular web page. This shows that the IOS has been under the Untrusted App Developer Alert which needs to be uninstalled immediately.

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Year Round Schooling Essay Example

Year Round Schooling Essay How is Year Round Schooling Beneficial? Literature Review Charles Casey Year round schooling has been present in society since the early 1800’s as well as the debates of its benefits. Year round schooling allows children to attend in a staggered schedule with no long breaks. It is said children who attend year round schools have better retention rates and teachers are able to better execute their curriculums. Year round schooling offers more curricular activities to lower income families thus allowing them to have a better educational experience. The following literature reviews are of articles that support year round schooling and it’s benefits to both children and teachers. Tracy Huebner, Senior Research Associate at WestEd, was the Principal Investigator for the California Academic Partnership Programs Expository Literacy Grant Evaluation. She is in charge of research and evaluation efforts that focus on organizational and instructional change in every level of the education system. Aside from just research Huebner also focuses on how to share as well as develop knowledge throughout the education community. Huebner wrote an article on the effectiveness of year-round schooling to address the problem of summer learning loss. The article brings light to the reality of the problem, especially for economically disadvantaged students. Studies show the disadvantage students’ gain as much as others during the school year. Unfortunately they also experience more loss during the summer. While, the research is inconclusive on if year-round schooling addresses the problem completely, it does show some improvements for students from low socioeconomic backgrounds. We will write a custom essay sample on Year Round Schooling specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Year Round Schooling specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Year Round Schooling specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer It also shows positive experiences for their families. I chose this article because of Tracy Huebner ‘s educational background. I have read a other articles she has written and her knowledge of the educational system is extensive . Mike Wilder a writer for Times News in Burlington North Carolina covered a research on year-round schooling in the Alamance-Burlington School System. North Graham Elementary School was one of the schools that had operated on a year-round schedule since 2000. Eight years later, Eastlawn and Haw River elementary schools began operating on the same schedule. Greg Holland, principal at North Graham Elementary, states Theres no question that student achievement has increased as a result of the year-round calendar, he said, but its also not a magic bullet. [Greg Holland] said a shorter summer break means theres less time for students to forget what they learned during the previous academic year†. In the article Holland also discusses the waiting list of students who want to get tutoring during the breaks. North Graham Elemantry School, along with other schools in the Alamance-Burlington system, conduct tests to determine how well students are learning material. The results of these tests help identify which students are recommended to get help during the breaks. Children attending the year-round schooling program are also given opportunities to explore other interests. While Wilder does not have educational background his article on this research of an actually school district and the way it is presented provide beneficial information on this topic. For my final reference I chose a study done on a mid-western school system. The report was done by Barbara K. Ramos, Ph. D. (2004) Associate Professor of Education Chair of the Department of Education at Simpson College in Indianola, IA. This study takes a look at a mid-west elementary school transitioning from a school-within-a-school calendar. The school had offered both year-round and traditional calendars, to a year-round only calendar. Using focus groups and surveys assessed the acceptance of teachers and families with the transition, as well as factors they had to consider with the transition . Both teachers and families for the most part had positive reactions to the transition. Some teachers and families initially had a negative reaction to the transition. However after adapting to the transition their opinion became more positive both during and after. There was a significant difference in the satisfaction level by calendar for all five questions asked of parents. Teachers were 100% satisfied with the change from a traditional calendar year. The results of this study were very similar to previous studies done. Generally, both teachers and families were satisfied with the transition to a year-round calendar. Families and teachers who had experienced year-round schooling previously were even more satisfied during and after the transition. With the information from this report it will help to show solid findings on the positives of year-round schooling through statistics rather than just opinions.